第31課 – Intention

Overview

Now that we’ve learned some ways to describe the state that something in, we need to know how to talk about what we intend to do about it. This lesson introduces several ways to show what your intention is, how suggest to what you are going to, are thinking of, or are planning to do in the future.

Morphology

  • The volitional verb form

    So far, with the -te, -nai, plain and -ta forms, we have learned that verbs come in two main inflection types: ru verbs, where the verb stem remains unchanged when different endings are attached, and -u verbs where the last letter of the verb stem can change depending on the ending that is attached. Now …

Structures

  • ちょっと休もう。

    The volitional form is used in the same way as the -ましょう form, but in casual and familiar speech.

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  • 行こうと思っています。

    The volitional form with -と思う is used to show what the speaker is thinking of doing.

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  • 止めるつもりです

    The special noun つもり is used to show the speaker’s intention.

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  • まだ開いていません

    The negative form of the -ている form can be used to show that something has not happened

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  • 21日に帰ってくるよていです。

    The special noun 予定(よてい)is used to tell somebody about a schedule.

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  • そ~/こ~

    The previous topic そ~ is often used to represent something that has just been talked about. In writing, こ~ can be used instead, to describe something as if it really exists.

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Kanji

  • Kanji 31

    漢字 音 訓 学年 Edexcel 空 クウ そら、あ-く、あ-ける、から 1 Higher 文 ブン、モン ふみ 1 Higher 園 エン その 2 Higher 業 ギョウ、ゴウ わざ 3 A level 港 コウ みなと 3 式 シキ 3 Higher 受 ジュ う-ける、う-かる 3 A level 機 キ はた 4 A level 残 ザン のこ-る、のこ-す 4 A level 卒 ソツ 4 …