第25課

This lesson introduces たら conditional form.

Morphology

Structures

  • いい天気だったら…

    The -たら form of verbs, adjectives and nouns describes condition that once fulfilled, the rest of the sentence happens.

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Usage

  • 東京に着いたら電話します。

    When it is certain that the predicate that takes the -たら form will happen, then it is also certain that the rest of the sentence will happen. It is not a matter of if, but when.

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  • 時間がったら行きます。

    When the outcome of the predicate that takes the -たら form is uncertain, then whether the rest of the sentence will happen is also uncertain. This is equivalent to if in English

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  • 海に行ったら、天気が良くなりました。

    When the main sentence is in the past, then both halves of the sentence definitely happened, so again, it is not a matter of if, but when.

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Kanji

  • Kanji 35

    漢字 音 訓 English 学年 村 ソン むら Village 1 活 カツ Activity 2 向 コウ む-く、む-ける、む-かう、む-こう Face towards 3 拾 シュウ ジュウ、ひろ-う Pick up 3 島 トウ しま Island 3 葉 ヨウ は leaf 3 緑 リョク、(ロク) みどり Green 3 変 ヘン か-わる、か-える Change 4 捨 シャ す-てる Throw out 6 珍 チン めずら-しい …